- Black histories aren’t all urban: tales from the West Country – Media Diversified
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Witches were said to be able to fly on broomsticks , perhaps because the broom was a symbol of female domestication, and flying on it was the ultimate rebellion. As in the film, witches were thought to be attracted to children , particularly by their innocence and corruptibility. Anxieties about children being kidnapped and murdered by witches were strongest in southern Germany, western France and the Alpine countries — and it was here that the persecutions were carried out most enthusiastically.
In these areas, witches were said to meet in groups of several hundred, worshipping the devil in the form of a man or a goat, holding orgies and plotting evil. In Britain and the American colonies, witches were more likely to be accused of less dramatic activities , not necessarily devil-worship, but certainly murder and mischief on a smaller scale.
They were not usually thought to be able to fly — so not much need for the baby-fat recipe — but every now and again, a truly horrific story was told. In Lancashire in , the teenage Grace Sowerbutts explained how three women had transported her around the countryside, making her dance and have sex with strange black creatures. They ate some and saved the rest for flying ointment. It was explained away as the work of a renegade catholic priest making trouble for good protestants.
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While it was easy for devout people then to imagine a malign devil lurking in the shadows, witchcraft was not immediately used to explain every misfortune. Under the circumstances, they hold out pretty well. Retrieved 12 December Social Behavior and Personality. Society for Personality Research. Archived from the original PDF on 13 November Waseda University 3 : 41— Archived from the original PDF on 3 January Retrieved 1 January Kirkus Reviews.
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Black histories aren’t all urban: tales from the West Country – Media Diversified
He was about to speak the word, when he was stayed by a sudden thought. With what grace would she sit beside me on the throne with a yard of black pudding for a nose? Fanny's mind was soon made up: Although she had dreamt of a crown and sceptre, yet a woman's first wish is always to please. To this great desire all else must yield, and Fanny would rather be fair in drugget than be a queen with an ugly face. Thus our woodcutter did not change his state, did not become a potentate, nor fill his purse with golden crowns. He was thankful enough to use his remaining wish to a more humble purpose, and forthwith relieved his wife of her encumbrance.
Harrap and Company, , pp. Aarne-Thompson-Uther type A. The husband and wife, here called Harry and Fanny, are named Blaise and Fanchon in the original French story. Link to Les contes de Perrault. The Sausage Sweden There was once an old woman, who was all alone one evening in her cottage, occupied with her household affairs. While she was waiting for her husband, who was away at work over in the forest, and while she was bustling about, a fine, grand lady came in, and so the woman began to curtsy and curtsy, for she had never seen such a grand person before.
Oh, dear, yes! That she might have, said the woman, although she could not remember whether she had ever seen her before, and so she went to fetch the pan. The lady took it, and thanked the woman, saying that she would pay her well for the loan of it, and so she went her way. And with this the lady left, and vanished so quickly that the old woman had not even time to ask her name or where she lived.
But that did not matter, she thought, for now she had three wishes, and she began to think what she should wish for. She expected her husband back soon, and she thought it would be best to wait until he came home and could have a say in the matter. But the least they could wish for must be a fine big farm -- the best in the parish, and a box full of money, and just fancy how happy and comfortable they would be then, for they had worked so hard all their days!
Ah, yes, then the neighbors would have something to wonder at, for you may guess how they would stare at all the fine things she would have. But since they were now so rich it was really a shame that there should be nothing but some blue, sour milk and some hard crusts of bread in the cupboard for her husband when he came home tired and weary, he who was fond of hot food.
She had just been to her neighbor's and there she had seen a fine big sausage, which they were going to have for supper. I lent my brewing pan to a fine lady, and when she brought it back she promised we should have three wishes. And now you must help me to wish for something really good, for you're so clever at hitting upon the right thing -- and it's all true, for just look at the sausage, which I got the moment I wished for it!
I wish the sausage were sticking to your nose, since you haven't any better sense. All at once the woman gave a cry, for sure enough there was the sausage sticking to her nose; and she began tearing and pulling away at it, but the more she pulled the firmer it seemed to stick. She was not able to get it off. I only wanted something nice for you, and then -- , oh dear! The husband tried, of course, to help his wife to get rid of the sausage; but for all he pulled and tugged away at it he did not succeed, and he was nearly pulling his wife's head off her body.
Yes, what were they to wish? They might, of course, wish for something very fine and grand; but what could they do with all the finery in the world, as long as the mistress of the house had a long sausage sticking to the end of her nose? She would never be able to show herself anywhere!
So he thought he would make the best use he could of the last wish, and said, "I wish my wife was rid of that sausage. And the next moment it was gone! They both became so glad that they jumped up and danced around the room in great glee -- for you must know that although a sausage may be ever so nice when you have it in your mouth, it is quite a different thing to have one sticking to your nose all your life. Loppi and Lappi Estonia Once a poor cottager lived with his wife in a lonely hut outside the village. The man's name was Loppi, and the woman's name was Lappi.
It seems as though both of them had been born into misfortune, for nothing went well for them.
In the earlier years of their marriage God had given them children, but none of them were still alive to support the parents in their old age. Every evening husband and wife sat next to the stove like two dried-up tree stumps, and often, for no reason at all, their bitterness spilled over, and they quarreled. As everyone knows, unfortunate people usually try to push their own guilt onto others, and even if they are not willfully evil, they blame others for their own bad luck.
Thus Loppi often angrily said, "If only I had had the good luck to marry a better woman, I would have lacked nothing. Today I could have been a wealthy man. Of course it is partially my fault that in my child-like simplicity I did not know enough to choose a better husband, but there must have been witchcraft involved to make me turn to you. Only the devil knows what you secretly put into my food or drink. I had plenty of suitors, and if I had not settled for you, you miserable creature, today I could be a lady seated at a full table. It is your fault, you worthless man, that I'll be suffering from hunger and sorrow until I die.
And it is also your fault that all our children have died, because you did not know how to take care of a wife and children. One evening the couple were again quarrelling in their hut when a stately woman dressed in clothes of German cut stepped inside. Her appearance brought the wife's tongue to a standstill, and caused the husband to lower his raised arm. After a friendly greeting, the strange woman said, "You are poor wretches and until now have suffered much. However, three days from now your misery will suddenly end.
Therefore keep peace in your house, and decide what destiny you would best choose for yourselves. I am not a human, as I appear to you, but rather a higher being who, through God's power, can cause wishes to be fulfilled. You have three days' time for consideration, and then you may state three wishes that you desire.
Say your wishes aloud, and in the same instant they will come true through magic power. But be careful not to wish for unnecessary things. Loppi and Lappi, who had now forgotten their quarrel, stared speechlessly out the door through which the miraculous vision had entered and disappeared. Finally the husband said, "Let's go to bed now. We have three days to think about this. We want to use these wishes wisely, so we can get the best luck for ourselves. Oh, what precious freedom ruled in the hut without interruption for the next three days!
Loppi and Lappi had become different people.
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They spoke together friendlily, and looked after one another's needs. They spent the greatest part of each day sitting quietly in the corner thinking about what they should wish for. On the third day Loppi went into the village, where that morning a swine had been slaughtered, and the sausage kettle must just now be standing on the fire. He took with him the butter pot, with its lid, wanting to ask his neighbor's wife for sausage water to cook his cabbage in that evening.
Loppi felt that they would be able to think better if their stomachs were filled with good food.go
Margaret Atwood Expands the World of “The Handmaid’s Tale”
Arriving home he put the cabbage on the fire so their meal would be ready at the right time. Evening arrived, and with it the time when they could make their wishes. The pot of cabbage soup was steaming on the table, and husband and wife sat down to eat.