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As dawn broke over the rock-strewn moonscape, eight men had been pulled from the mine in a little over seven hours, putting the rescue on track to end before the sun rises Thursday. The ninth, Mario Gomez, who at 63 is the oldest miner, came up about an hour later and dropped to his knees and bowed his head in prayer. His wife, Lilianette Ramirez, pulled him up from the ground and embraced him. Gomez has silicosis, a lung disease common to miners, and has been on antibiotics and bronchial inflammation medicine. Alex Vega became the tenth to be rescued just over 60 minutes later, and just 40 minutes after that Jorge Galleguillos was brought to safety.
Gratitude: Pedro Cortes waves to other miners as he is taken to hospital on a stretcher. Global spotlight: A satellite image of the San Jose mine shows the vast Camp Hope that has sprung up around it after the miners were found alive. The entire rescue operation has been meticulously choreographed, with no expense spared in bringing in topflight drillers and equipment - and boring three separate holes into the copper and gold mine. Pinera put his mining minister and the operations chief of state-owned Codelco, the country's biggest company, in charge of the rescue.
It went so well that its managers abandoned what a legion of journalists had deemed an ultraconservative plan for restricting images of the rescue. He paid tribute to the rescue team, saying they were so good he 'even thought they could rescue us from Judgement Day'.
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Mr Gonzalez when asked his thoughts as he made the final journey up the shaft, said: 'I just hope this never happens again. There must be changes to mining so this can't happen again. A huge Chilean flag that was to obscure the hole from view was moved aside so the hundreds of cameras perched on a hill above could record images that state TV also fed live.
That included the surreal moment when the capsule dropped into the chamber for the first time where the bare-chested miners, most stripped down to shorts because of the subterranean swelter, mobbed the rescuer who emerged to serve as their guide to freedom. As the last man surfaced, it signalled the end a national crisis that began when , tons of rock collapsed August 5, sealing the 33 in the lower reaches of the mine.
The first capsule came out of the manhole-sized opening, and Avalos stepped out as bystanders cheered, clapped and broke into a chant of 'Chi! Avalos, the year-old second-in-command of the miners, was chosen to be first because he was in the best condition. The next three men out, including the lone foreigner, Carlos Mamani of Bolivia, followed because they were deemed the fittest of body and mind. The next group of 10 included miners with health problems such as hypertension, diabetes and skin ulcers.
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Sepulveda's shouts were heard even before the capsule surfaced. After hugging his wife, he jokingly handed souvenir rocks from the mine to laughing rescuers. Then he bounded out behind other officials behind a barrier and thrust a fist upward like a prizefighter. Putting him on a gurney for a short ambulance ride to a triage centre - the protocol for all the miners - almost seemed like overkill. The operation commenced just before midnight when a Codelco rescuer made the sign of the cross and was lowered to the trapped men.
A navy paramedic went down after Avalos came up - a surprise improvisation as officials had said the two would go down to oversee the miners' ascent before the first went up. After he emerged, Sepulveda criticised the mine's management, saying 'in terms of labour, there has to be change'.
And the same will occur with many other mines in our country,' said Pinera, who ordered a review of safety regulations after the collapse.
Expectant: Christian Rodriguez watches the drama unfold with his daughter Isabella in the Chilean Embassy in Washington. Relief: The penultimate miner Ariel Ticona kisses his wife as he emerges into the sunlight. Unceasing: Night fell on the San Jose mine but the rescue operation was completed in less than 24 hours.
Minutes earlier, rescue expert Manuel Gonzalez of the state copper company Codelco grinned and made the sign of the cross as he was lowered to the trapped men - apparently without incident. He was followed by Roberto Rios, a paramedic with the Chilean navy's special forces. Janette Marin, sister-in-law of miner Dario Segovia, said the order of rescue didn't matter. First out were those best able to handle any difficulties and tell their comrades what to expect. Then, the weakest and the ill - in this case, about 10 suffer from hypertension, diabetes, dental and respiratory infections and skin lesions from the mine's oppressive humidity.
The last were people who are both physically fit and strong of character. The last man out was shift foreman Luis Urzua, whose leadership was credited with helping the men endure the first two and a half weeks without outside contact.whatdaddydid.com/includes/viper/repit-iphone-or-samsung.php
Astonishing headlines | National Library of Australia
No-one in recorded history has survived as long trapped underground. For the first 17 days, no one even knew whether they were alive. In the weeks that followed, the world was captivated by their endurance and unity. Chile has taken extensive precautions to ensure the miners' privacy, using a screen to block the top of the shaft from the more than 1, journalists at the scene.
Courageous: Dario Segovia dances in joy as he arrives at the hospital in Copiapo.
Foreman: Luis Urzua, the last out of the mine, is pushed past fans and journalists for medical treatment. Time to celebrate: Relatives and friends of the trapped men spray champagne and jump for joy as the rescue operation is completed. The rescue was carried live on all-news channels from the U. The miners were ushered through a tunnel built of metal containers to an ambulance for a trip of several hundred yards to a triage station for a medical check before being flown by helicopter to a hospital in Copiapo, a minute ride away.
Two floors at the hospital were prepared for the miners to receive physical and psychological exams while being kept under observation in a ward as dark as a movie theatre. They will stay there for at least three days, but are likely to receive psychological counselling for months to get over their horrific ordeal. Each miner wore special Oakley sunglasses to protect their eyes from light and the sun for the later miners, and the U.
Relatives were urged to wait to greet the miners at home after a hour hospital stay. Health Minister Jaime Manalich said no cameras or interviews will be allowed until the miners are released, unless the miners expressly desire it. The only media allowed to record them coming out of the shaft was a government photographer and Chile's state TV channel, whose live broadcast was delayed by 30 seconds or more to prevent the release of anything unexpected.
Photographers and camera operators were on a platform more than feet 90 meters away. Incredible: The capsule begins to rise with Florencio Avalos inside through the tiny hole drilled into the chamber. Relief: The son of Florencio Avalos breaks down in tears as his father arrives on the surface.
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Mario Sepulveda celebrates with rescue workers after becoming the second miner to reach the surface at the San Jose mine in Copiapo. August 5 - 33 miners are trapped underground when part of the San Jose mine in Chile's Atacama desert collapses. August 7 - A second collapse blocks access to the lower parts of the mine, hampering rescue efforts. Attempts are made to drill holes to the miners, but no contact is made.
August 22 - Rescue workers hear tapping on a drill that has reached a depth of metres. The miners are confirmed to be alive. First video of the miners is recorded and shows them to be in a better condition than feared. August 23 - Food, water and communication equipment are sent down a hole to the miners.
August 30 - Rescuers decide the best way to free the miners is to drill three shafts and winch them to safety. September 26 - The first of three rescue capsules built to lift out the men arrives at the mine. October 9 - The miners celebrate as a drilling rig breaks through into their underground chamber. It is decided that only the first 96 metres of the shaft need to be reinforced. October 11 - A test rescue capsule is successfully sent to within 40ft of the men.
October 12 - Rescue operation begins. October 14 - All 33 miners and six rescuers are pulled out.
The worst technical problem that could have happened, rescue coordinator Andre Sougarett said, is that 'a rock could fall,' potentially jamming the capsule in the shaft. The rescue was risky simply because no-one else has ever tried to extract miners from such depths, said Davitt McAteer, who directed the U.